WHAT ARE TERPENES?

Terpenes give cannabis varieties their characteristic flavors. They are the aromatic oils that the plant produces and that give a variety a fruity or herb tastes, an earthy or citrus aroma or even a smell of cheese.

Cannabis plants produce terpenes in the same glands in which they produce THC and CBD , yet terpenes until recently did not get too much attention. Farmers and medical researchers in the past have focused on THC and CBD , which means that knowledge of terpenes and their function is not widespread. It has only recently been discovered that terpenes play an important role on the particular effects of cannabis.

Myrcene

The myrcene is the terpene that is found more frequently in marijuana, and creates most of the aromatic oils in the varieties of cannabis. The myrcene can also be found in some other plants such as hops. Some compare the aroma of myrcene to that of cloves. It is known to have anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial and pain-relieving (analgesic) properties. The myrcene has a sedative effect, calming and relaxing.

Limonene

After mircene, limonene is the second most common terpene we find in marijuana. As the name suggests, it has a strong citrus smell. It is known for its antifungal and anti-bacterial properties. Research suggests that limonene also functions as an anti-carcinogen and may help prevent the growth of tumors. The limonene can easily enter the blood-brain barrier. It is known to help increase mental concentration and attention, as well as promoting general well-being. Some unscientific evidence indicates that it is also beneficial for sexual health. Some products on the market today use limonene to treat depression and anxiety. It is a natural insect repellent, one of the aromatic terpenes that plants use as a natural defense against insects and other predators. Haze varieties are a great source of this type of terpenes.

Linalool

The linalool reminds fresh flowers. It has a floral lavender smell with a slight spicy touch. It induces a sedative and calming effect and is used for the treatment of nervousness and anxiety. It is thought to have analgesic and anti-epileptic properties. Furthermore, its effectiveness in the treatment of certain types of tumors is currently being researched. The linalool is the terpene partly responsible for the calming and sedative effects of some varieties of cannabis.

Beta-caryophyllene

The beta-caryophyllene is a spicy flavor that is often found in herbs and spices such as black pepper. It is known to be a strong anti-inflammatory and local analgesic. Cloves, known as a natural remedy for toothache, contain good amounts of this terpene. It is said that the beta-caryophyllene also has antifungal properties.

Pinene

The name could be misleading; the pinene has an aroma reminiscent of pine and fir trees. Many plants contain pinene; for example, rosemary and sage. This terpene is known to have local anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties. It is also known as an expectorant and has a widening effect on the bronchi. Research has shown that pinene can positively influence our memory. Among the varieties of cannabis with a high level of pinene are the various Skunk strains . The pinene can increase energy and is said to even better concentration.